·名词 ·冠词
·代词 ·形容词
·副词 ·数词
·句子种类 ·介词
·情态动词 ·动词时态
·动词不定式 ·it的用法
·状语从句 ·宾语从句
·被动语态 ·定语从句

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名词、冠词考点练与析
作者:董明义 文章来源:人教初三·普及版06—07学年度下学期第1期
点击数: 更新时间:2007-4-10 10:30:24
一、名词

1. My school isn't far from here. It's only ________ walk. (2006哈尔滨市)

A. fifteen minutes   B. fifteen minutes' C. fifteen minute's

2. —What do you have for breakfast?

   —I often have ________ or ________. (2006昆明市)

A. breads; noodles  B. bread; noodles

C. breads; noodle   D. bread; noodle

3. Brian is so kind that he often gives me a ________ when I'm in trouble. ( 2006安徽课改区)

A. reply   B. seat     C. hand   D. reason

4. People in America eat much ________. (2006宁夏课改区)

A. potatoes     B. onions C. beef    D. hamburgers

5. You may go to the ________ if you want to watch Peking Opera. (2006大连市)

A. library               B. supermarket

C. theatre                     D. bookshop

6. —How many ________ are there on the table?

   —There are five. (2006南宁市)

A. orange       B. apples C. egg     D. milk

7. There are three ________ assistants in that ________ shop. (2006孝感市)

A. women; shoe            B. woman; shoe

C. woman; shoes           D. women; shoes

8. I've read ________ sports news about F1 race today. (2005上海市)

A. two                         B. pieces

C. two pieces                  D. two pieces of

【解析】 1. 选B。一些表示时间、距离等的名词后面可加“-'s”来表示所有格,以-s结尾的复数名词,其所有格只加“-'”构成。

2. 选B。bread是不可数名词,noodle是可数名词,其复数形式为noodles。

3. 选C。 give a hand是一个固定短语,意思是“帮助”。

4. 选C。much用来修饰不可数名词,四个选项中只有beef是不可数名词。

5. 选C。要看京剧应该去theatre。

6. 选B。how many后面要跟可数名词的复数形式。

7. 选A。名词作定语时,不论所修饰的名词是单数还是复数,一般都用单数形式;但当man, woman作定语时,要与它所修饰的名词的数一致。

8. 选D。表示不可数名词的量时,要用“a / 数词 + 表示计量单位的名词 + of + 不可数名词”。

二、冠词

1. —Excuse me, sir. Which cup is yours?

   —________ small one. ( 2006福州市课改区)

A. /                B. A        C. An          D. The

2. There is ________ apple tree in my garden. It's over 10 years old.  (2006河北课改区)

A. the             B. a                C. an           D. 不填

3. People like to see films on ________ TV instead of going to ______ cinema. (2006广东课改区)

A. the; the      B. 不填; the   C. the; 不填

4. James likes to play ________ violin and ________ chess when he is free. (2006厦门市)

A. the; /          B. / ; the         C. the; the

5. If you really want to be a “Super Girl”, just have ________ try!  (2006云南省)

A. a               B. an              C. the             D. /

6. In the United States, Father's Day falls on ______ third Sunday in ________ June. (2006徐州市)

A. the; 不填                        B. the; a

C. 不填; the                        D. a; 不填

【解析】 1. 选D。此处用定冠词the表示特指。

2. 选C。此题用不定冠词,表泛指;因 apple是以元音音素开头的单词,所以要用不定冠词an。

3. 选B。on TV是“在电视上”,TV前不用冠词;go to the cinema意思是“去看电影”。

4. 选A。play后面接乐器名词作宾语时,名词前用定冠词the;play后面接chess及球类名词时,名词前不用冠词。

5. 选A。have a try是一个习惯用语,意思是“试一试”。

6. 选A。序数词前要用定冠词the;表示月份的名词前不用冠词。
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