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make 用法归纳
作者:张若红 文章来源:英语辅导报
点击数: 更新时间:2008-8-25 9:44:49
一、make用作及物动词,在主动语态中的含义主要有:

1. 做;制作;制造。如:

Can you make any mooncakes? 你会做些月饼吗?

◆make后可跟双宾语,间接宾语后移时一般用for引导。如:

My uncle will make me a kite.

= My uncle will make a kite for me. 叔叔将为我做一只风筝。

2. 使;使之。如:

Have I made myself clear? 我讲清楚了没有?

3. 迫使;令。如:

I don't like milk, but she made me drink it. 我不喜欢牛奶,可是她强迫我喝。

4. 总计;等于。如:

Two and two makes four. 二加二等于四。

5. 准备;布置;整理。如:

You must make the bed after you get up. 你起床后必须整理好你的床铺。

6. 构成;组成;成为。如:

Daniel scored another goal, but one player does not make a team. 丹尼尔又踢进了一球,但是独木不成林。

二、make用作及物动词,意为“使;让”,在主动语态中其后要跟省略to的不定式作宾语补足语,而在被动语态中,to不能省去。如:

Don't make the baby cry anymore. 不要再让那个孩子哭了。

She was made to wait for over an hour. 她被迫等了一个多钟头。

◆英语中,类似于make这种用法的动词还有let, have, hear, see, watch, notice, feel等。如:

I saw him put the key into the keyhole, turn it and open the door. 我看见他把钥匙插进锁孔,转动钥匙,然后打开了门。

She was seen to go into the classroom. 有人看见她进了教室。

三、make用作及物动词,后接复合宾语,表示“使……成为……;使成为……”时,通常由形容词、名词、介词短语充当宾语补足语。如:

Loud music makes me uncomfortable. 吵闹的音乐使我不舒服。

The teacher tried his best to make himself a good friend of his pupils. 那位老师尽力使自己成为学生的好朋友。

make词组秀

make a mistake 犯错误

make a noise 吵闹;弄出噪声

make a promise 答应;许下诺言

make a shopping list 写一个购物单

make a telephone call 打电话

make friends with 与……交朋友

make a contribution to 贡献给;捐献

make a decision 作出决定

make a face 做鬼脸

make a living 谋生;维持生活

make fun of 取笑;嘲笑      

make it 约定时间;做到;按时到达

make money 赚钱

make one's bed 铺床;收拾床铺

make one's way to 往……走

make out 证明;认出;填写

make room for 为……让地方

make sure 确信;务必;弄清楚

make up one's mind 下定决心

make up 弥补;构成;编造

make ... into 把……变成

make off 逃走
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