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高一全国中学生英语能力竞赛语法-主谓一致(二)
作者:frog 文章来源:本站原创
点击数: 更新时间:2007-5-31 14:08:03
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 8.主语为“a (this/that)+kind (pair/portion/series)+of+复数名词”时,谓语动词用单数。

This kind of bicycles is made in Shanghai.

 This pair of socks is three yuan.

 A series of lectures is scheduled (安排)for students of Senior Grade Three.

 但“复数名词+of this (that)kind/pair/series/model”后接复数谓语动词。

 Computers of this model work much faster.

 How much are shoes of that pair?

 9.“each/one/neither/either of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

 Neither of the students likes maths.

 Either of the answers is right.

 Each of the workers has his own duty.

 10.“the+形容词/过去分词”用来表示一类人或物时,其意义为复数,谓语动词应使用复数。

 The rich get richer and the poor get poorer in many places.

 The wounded and the young are the first to be taken to safety.

 在有些情况下,“the+-ed分词”结构不是指一类人或事物,而仅指某个个体。此时,其后的谓语动词用单数。例如:

 The accused was found guilty.被告被发现有罪。

 如该结构指代的是抽象概念,则为单数。例如:

 The beautiful gives pleasure to all of us.

 11.由not only...but also,not...but,either...or,neither...nor以及or连接的并列主语,谓语动词应与其所靠近的主语在人称和数上一致。

 Not (only)the teacher but (also)the students are to be invited.

 Neither this book nor that one is interesting.

 Either you or I am going to attend the meeting.

 但both,both of,both...and...等结构作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

 Both (of the answers)are correct.

 Both Lily and Lucy like dancing.

 12.family,team,group,crowd,people,committee等名词作主语时应视其意义确定其单复数。若指该集体,为单数;若指其组成成员,属复数。

 (1)His family is a big one.

 His family are all music lovers.

 (2)Their team is quite a weak one.

 Their team are all doing their best.

 (3)The committee has considered your request.

 The committee are divided in opinion.

 
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