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[高考无听力] 11—12单元难点解析
作者:吴安运 文章来源:高考无听力版 2006-2007学年度上学期 第6期
点击数: 更新时间:2006-11-2 14:50:04
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1. Especially at school, it sometimes feels as if we are being asked to work in teams for the sake of just that. 特别是在学校里,有时我们感觉好像是为了团体活动而组织团体活动。

点拨重点: for the sake of意思是“由于某种缘故;为了”。

He bought a house in the country for the sake of his wife's health. 为了妻子的健康着想,他在乡下买了一所房子。

拓展延伸: for the sake of 表示“利益;目的;为了……”;owing to / because of / on account of / due to表示“原因;理由;因为……;由于”。

He argues for the sake of arguing. 他争辩是因为喜欢。

He didn't come because of illness. 他因病没有来。

2. The lack of recognition of differences in human functioning has led to much misunderstanding, conflict, and waste of energy... 缺乏对人类中个体作用差异的认识导致了人们之间的误解、冲突和精力的浪费……

点拨重点: lead to导致,通向。

All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

拓展延伸: lead a ... life过着……的生活,同live a ... life。

We are leading a happy life. 我们正过着幸福的生活。

led by ...“在……的领导下”。

Led by the Party, we have had great changes in our hometown. 在党的领导下,我们的家乡发生了巨大的变化。

考题链接

The discovery of new evidence led to  ________ .

A. the thief having caught

B. catch the thief

C. the thief being caught

D. the thief to be caught

考点揭密: C。lead to“导致;引起”,to是介词,后接动名词作宾语,从题意看,是“小偷被抓住”,故用动名词的被动式being caught。本句意为:由于发现了新的证据,小偷被抓住了。

3. It is reported that  99%  of  school-age  children  in China attended primary school by 2004. 据报道,到2004年为止,中国99%的适龄儿童都上了小学。

点拨重点: It is reported that ... (即It is + 过去分词 + that ...) 是一个很典型的句型,意思是“据报道……”,可转化为:

People report that ...

主语 + be reported + to do ...

拓展延伸: It is said that ... 据说…… It is believed / supposed that ... 据认为…… It is hoped that ... 人们希望…… It is announced that ... 据宣布……

考题链接

Robert is said  ________  abroad, but I don't know what country he studied in.

A. to have studied                B. to study

C. to be studying                  D. to have been studying

考点揭密: A。动词不定式的完成式表示过去发生的事,所提供的情景what country he studied in表明Robert过去曾在某个国家学习过,因此答案选A。

 
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