1. You have a headache. You ______ take an aspirin. (had better; would like to)
2. He looks sleepy. He must ______ bed very late last night. (go; have gone)
3. I want to go to the office, but you ______ with me. (need not to go; need not go)
4. I ought ______ those books to the library last week. (to have taken; to take)
5. The mother is telling her son, “You ______ eat with your fingers!” (wouldn’t; mustn’t)
6. He was a good swimmer so he ______ swim to the river bank when the boat sank. (was able to; could)
7. To travel from England to Scotland you ______ a passport. (don’t need; needn’t)
8. He went on foot, but he ______ by bus. (ought have gone; should have gone)
9. —Did Ken take the job in the bookstore?
—No, but I think he ______. (must have; should have)
10. He ______ talk for hours, if you permit. (can; will)
11. You ______ use this toothbrush, it’s mine. (may not; shall not)
12. No matter what people say, I ______ do as I like. (would; will)
13. “I’m willing to let you take whatever you like.” means “You ______ take whatever you like.” (shall; will)
14. —I haven’t felt well for a week.
—You ______ see a doctor. (had better; should have to)
15. —He is late. ______ he have missed the bus?
—Yes, he must have missed the bus. (Can; Must)
1. May you smoke so much?
2. If Fred didn’t leave here before five, he mustn’t be home yet.
3. I’m going home. I don’t want to but I must, because my mother asked me not to go out after dark.
4. I can be seeing the top of the tower in this bedroom.
5. You are not able to play football in the park on Sundays, though you may do so on weekdays.
6. He mustn’t be working at this hour!
7. Mary Blake ought to not be home by now.
8. His luggage is still here, he must not have left.
9. I used to writing poetry myself when I was at my twenties.
10. —May I stop my car here?
—No, you needn’t.
11. —Must we clean the house now?
—No, you mustn’t.
12. John dares not tell his father about his failure in the exam.
13. You may not return the book now. You can keep it next week if you like.
14. Johnny, you mustn’t play with the knife, you must hurt yourself.
15. Please open the window, do you?
16. —Would you go out for a walk with me?
—No, I wouldn’t. My girlfriend is coming.
17. You must be a writer, mustn’t you?
18. I mailed the letter two weeks ago. She must receive it.
19. The professor gave orders that the experiment must be finished before 5:30 p.m.
20. There was plenty of time. You mustn’t have hurried.
will, would, can, could, must, should, may, might
Thank you for your letter. I don’t think I (1)______ give you any advice. I don’t think the manager (2)______ trust you. It sounds as if he has decided that you (3)______ be the thief. Do you have to continue working at this company? Maybe you (4)______ find another job where the people are more friendly. I think that you (5)______ enjoy that more.
If you stay at the meat factory, you (6)______ not be able to be happy. Besides, if you stay, the thief (7)______ do something bad to you. I don’t think that (8)______ be very pleasant. If he played a bad trick on you, the manager (9)______ say you were the thief and call in the police. That (10)______ have serious results. I think the best thing you ______(11) do now is to look for another job and hope that it (12)______ turn out better.
I. 1. had better 2. have gone 3. need not go 4. to have taken 5. mustn’t 6. was able to 7. don’t need 8. should have gone 9. should have 10. will 11. shall not 12. will 13. shall 14. had better 15. Can
II. 1. May改成Must 2. mustn’t改成can’t 3. must改成have to 4. be seeing改成see 5. are not able to改成cannot 6. mustn’t改成can’t 7. to not改成not to 8. must改成can 9. writing改成write 10. needn’t改成mustn’t 11. mustn’t改成needn’t 12. dares改成dare 13. may改成need 14. must改成may 15. do改成will 16. wouldn’t改成won’t 17. mustn’t改成aren’t 18. must receive改成must have received 19. must改成should或去掉must 20. mustn’t改成needn’t
III. 1. can 2. will 3. must 4. should / may / can 5. will / might 6. will 7. will / might 8. can / would 9. would / might 10. might / could 11. should 12. will
Music comes in many forms; most countries have a style of their own. _1_ the turn of the century when jazz was born, America had no major _2_ of its own. No one knows exactly when jazz was _3_, or by whom. But it began to be _4_ in the early 1900s. Jazz is America’s contribution to _5_ music. In contrast to classical music, which _6_ formal European traditions. Jazz is natural and free-form. It bubbles with energy, _7_ moods, interests and emotions of the people. In the 1920s jazz _8_ like America. And _9_ it does today.
The _10_ of this music are as interesting as the music itself, American Negroes, or _11_, as they are called today were the Jazz _12_. They were brought to the Southern states _13_ slaves（奴隶）. They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long _14_. When a Negro died his friends and _15_ formed a procession (队伍) to carry the body to the cemetery (墓地). In New Orleans, a band often went along with the _16_. On the way to the cemetery the band played slow, serious music suited to the occasion. _17_ on the way home the mood changed. Spirits lifted. Death had removed one of their _18_, but the living were glad to be alive. The band played _19_ music, improvising (即兴表演) on both the harmony and the theme of the tunes _20_ at the funeral. This music made everyone want to dance. It was an early form of Jazz.
1. A. By B. At C. In D. On
2. A. music B. song C. tune D. style
3. A. discovered B. acted C. invented D. designed
4. A. noticed B. found C. listened D. heard
5. A. classical B. sacred C. popular D. light
6. A. forms B. follows C. approaches D. introduces
7. A. expressing B. explaining C. exposing D. proving
8. A. appeared B. felt C. seemed D. sounded
9. A. as B. so C. either D. neither
10. A. origins B. religions C. discoveries D. resources
11. A. whites B. blacks C. blues D. yellows
12. A. players B. followers C. fans D. pioneers
13. A. for B. as C. with D. by
14. A. months B. weeks C. hours D. times
15. A. owners B. parents C. neighbours D. relatives
16. A. show B. procession C. body D. march
17. A. Even B. Therefore C. Furthermore D. But
18. A. numbers B. members C. bodies D. relations
19. A. sad B. serious C. happy D. funeral
20. A. whistled B. sung C. played D. showed
（适用于北师大版模块2 Unit 5和人教新课标版必修二 Unit 5）
参考答案：1—5 BACAC 6—10 BADBA 11—15 BDBCD 16—20 BDBCC
A new weapon against smoking
A new weapon is the way in the fight against smoking in Europe. Soon when smokers buy cigarettes they might see a shocking photo of a blackened lung or a cancer patient staring back at them from the packet.
Some boys may think of smoking as cool and sexy. Their friends won't agree when they see their packets of cigarettes lying on the table.
The European Union announced on October 22, that it had chosen 42 photos that showed the damage cigarettes could do to the body. It called on member nations to put these pictures on packets to discourage smokers.
To catch the attention of teenagers, the special packets warn of long-term medical dangers, like cancer. Short-term effects, like bad skin, are also on the list.
"The true face of smoking is disease, death and horror. That is the message we should send to the young," said David Byrne, the EU health official, "Hopefully these pictures will shock students out of their love for cigarettes."
The EU head office hoped the pictures would work better than current written warnings on packs of cigarettes. The warnings included "smoking kills" and "smoking can lead to a slow and painful death."
So far, Ireland and Belgium have shown interest in the photos. Canada has used similar pictures and warnings on cigarette packs since 2000. The country has recently seen a fall in the number of smokers.
According to studies, smoking is the single biggest cause of avoidable death in EU. Every year more than 650,000 smokers die, more than one person a minute.
1. What is new on the packets of cigarettes?
A. Written warning－smoking kills.
B. Smoking can lead to a slow and painful death.
C. Pictures of cool and sexy smokers.
D. Photos of a blackened lung or a cancer patient staring back at them from the packet.
2. The result of smoking is __________.
A. diseases B. death C. horror D. all of the above
3. The EU put such terrible pictures on the cigarette packets, because it ________.
A. wants to have a change
B. hopes to shock students out of their love for cigarettes.
C. intends to reduce the production of cigarettes
D. only wants to play a trick on smokers
4. According to the article, _________ smokers die every day.
A. 650,000 B. 60 C. 1,440 D. about 1,780
（适用于外延新标准版必修二 Module 2）
吉林 梁立群 供稿
How to eat healthfully
How to eat healthfully can be especially complex for working women who often have neither the desire nor the time to cook for themselves (or for anyone else). The registered dietitian (营养学家) Barbara Morrissey suggests that a few simple rules can help.
“Go for nutrient-dense (营养丰富的) foods,” she suggests. “Foods that contain a multiple of nutrients. For example, select whole wheat bread as a breakfast food, rather than coffeecake. Or drink orange juice rather than orange drink, which contains only a small percentage of real juice—the rest is largely colored sugar water. You just can’t compare the value of these foods, the nutrient-dense ones are so excellent,” she emphasizes.
Morrissey believes that variety is not only the spice of life—it’s the foundation of a healthful diet. Diets, which are based on one or two foods, are not only virtually impossible to keep up the strength; they can be very harmful, she says, because nutrients aren’t supplied in sufficient amounts or balance.
According to Morrissey, trying to find a diet that will cure your illness, or make yourself a superwoman is a fruitless search. As women, many of us are too concerned with staying thin, she says, and we believe that vitamins are some kind of magic cure to replace food.
“We need carbohydrates, protein and fat—they are like the wood in the fireplace. The vitamins and minerals are the match, the spark, for the fuel,” she explains. “We need them all, but in a very different proportion (比例). And if the fuel isn’t there, the spark is useless.”
1. From the first paragraph we know that working women _______.
A. think cooking is especially complicated
B. do not share the same views with registered dietitians
C. are busy and not interested in cooking
D. are likely to eat healthfully
2. Orange juice is different from orange drink because _______.
A. it contains only a small percentage of real juice
B. it is natural, nutritious and prepared from real juice
C. it is largely orange-colored sugar water
D. it contains nothing but calories
3. In Paragraph 4 “a fruitless search” means _______.
A. an effort with no results
B. a search for a diet without fruits
C. a research on fruitless diets
D. a diet serving as medicine
4. By saying “if the fuel isn’t there, the spark is useless”, the author means _______.
A. carbohydrates, protein and fat are enough to support a human life
B. vitamins and minerals are virtually of no value
C. carbohydrates, protein and fat, vitamins and minerals are of no use
D. without carbohydrates, protein and fat, vitamins and minerals are of no use
（适用于人教新课标版选修六 Unit 3）